What is Metacognition?

Metacognitive awareness is defined as the ability to be a self-reflective and self-regulated learner who considers and comprehends her cognitive processes.  This  conscious awareness of one's thinking process helps a student to organize, stratagize, plan, and reflect on the learning process. These skills aid students in reading comprehension, writing, memory, problem solving, processing speed, and related areas of education.

What is Strategic Thinking?

Strategic thinking is defined as a cognitive process that allows a student to access prior information, monitor comprehension, correct misunderstandings, synthesize and extrapolate information, and ask relevant clarifying questions.  Strategic thinking may be taught by training students in metacognitive awareness.

What is Executive Function?

Executive functions are a set of thinking, problem-solving, and self-control skills that are controlled by the prefrontal cortex of the brain. An individual’s executive functioning influences the ability to process and use information efficiently.  A central component involves holding information in the working memory and organizing it into a coherent form. 

What is Self-Efficacy?

Self-efficacy plays a critical role in how we think, feel, and behave in relationship to challenges and goal achievement.  It relies upon the extent or strength of our belief in our abilities to complete tasks and meet our personal expectations.  The four sources of self-efficacy involves mastery through direct experience, vicarious experiences as we watch our peers succeed, receiving credible feedbak through direct communication, and building a positive emotional state.

What are Multiple Intelligences?

Multiple intelligence theory, developed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983,  identifies eight distinct types of intelligences: visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic, logical-mathematical, and naturalist.  People learn in identifiably distinct ways and understanding an individual's modalities supports learning, remembering, performing, and understanding.   

What is the difference between an educational therapist and a tutor?

An educational therapist has extensive training and experience with specific learning disabilities. She uses intervention strategies to remediate those challenges. The ET helps the child to set goals and develops an intervention plan that addresses academic challenges as well as psycho-educational and socio-emotional aspects of learning.  A tutor, on the other hand, usually focuses on improving grades and obtaining specific academic goals in a specific subject.

How do I know if my child needs an educational therapist?

  • Difficulty maintaining concentration on a task, problems remembering, delay in learning language, or problems paying attention.
  • Makes statements such as, “I’m stupid. I hate school! I don’t get what I am supposed to do.  I don't need school.”
  • Suffers from a loss of self esteem regarding school performance and may become discouraged
  • Resists going to school, or participating in the normal childhood activities.
  • Struggles with academics
  • May need excessive amount of time to complete homework and needs parental support to get homework tasks done.
  • Struggles more with schoolwork and homework as the student progresses through the grades
  • May experience problems with social interactions with peers and/or adults